Fluoridation of drinking water has occurred around the world for about fifty years but it has become a controversial issue with conflicting views on reductions in tooth decay, risks to health and the overall significance of adding fluoride to drinking water.
Water utilities in the UK have a power, not a duty, to fluoridate when requested by District Health Authorities and around 10% of the UK's population receive fluoridated water. However, some water suppliers are reluctant to fluoridate because of customer attitudes and legal indemnities.
This project undertaken by WRc, for a group of water utilities, provided an independent review fluoridation information in relation to the latest toxicological data, chemical aspects, and practical considerations such as dosing systems, methods of monitoring and reporting requirements. The study also reviewed the toxicology, practice and implications of fluoridation and provides an independent, objective and comprehensive assessment of the merits and dis-benefits of water fluoridation.