The Directorate General Environment sponsored this research on the production and use of refuse derived fuel (RDF) in the 15 European Member States. The study also included:
- The legal and policy framework of RDF production and use
- Assessment of the environmental impacts, economics and alternative outlets for waste streams currently used as RDF.
Refuse derived fuel encompassed any waste traded and co-burnt in installations for power generation or in a manufacturing process where heat is required (e.g. cement production).
RDF is composed of the high calorific fraction from processed municipal solid waste (MSW) and industrial wastes such as sewage sludge, industrial hazardous waste and biomass waste. These fuels are used both in dedicated energy-to-waste plants and as fuel substitutes in industrial processes. Waste derived fuels include residues from MSW recycling, industrial/trade waste.
The research provided detailed information on the scale and legal framework of Refuse Derived Fuel throughout Europe. The study will enable the DG Environment to promote sustainable strategies for RDF's.