This research examined cost/benefits of the existing and proposed European Bathing Water Directive. The work analysed a number of individual water catchments with a risk assessment of problems in meeting the standards for revised parameters in the Bathing Water Directive.
A series of case studies were undertaken involving collaboration between: WRc, UK; CLABSA, Spain (the wastewater concession holder for the City of Barcelona); North West Water, UK; Agence d'l Eau, France and the Scottish Executive, UK.
Existing data and models were analysed and simplified models developed in areas where there was uncertainty about the potential risk for bathing water contamination.
This research was undertaken for the European Commission DG. Environment.
This research has given indications for each European member state of the economics of implementing and meeting the revised standards in the Bathing Water Directive.